Acute compression fractures refer to a type of injury that occurs when a vertebra in the spine collapses or breaks under pressure or force. This type of fracture is most commonly seen in the thoracic (mid-back) or lumbar (lower back) regions of the spine and is often caused by trauma, such as a fall or car accident.
Compression fractures can also be caused by medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis or cancer. Symptoms of an acute compression fracture may include sudden and severe back pain, difficulty standing or walking, loss of height, and a deformity in the spine.
Acute compression fractures are typically diagnosed through imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Treatment options depend on the severity of the fracture and may include pain management, rest, physical therapy, or surgery.
In some cases, a procedure called vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty may be performed to stabilize the fractured vertebrae and reduce pain. These procedures involve the injection of a special cement-like substance into the affected vertebrae to reinforce and strengthen them. It’s important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment for an acute compression fracture.« Back to Glossary Index